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Data fields: Swahili Example and English Example
Many entries include examples developed by project staff members and derived from various sources. The current lexicon includes several thousand Swahili examples derived from various sources for which we do not yet have English translations - when you find such an entry, you can help by using the Edit Engine to submit a quality English translation of the existing example sentence. In addition, in earlier editing we inadvertently replicated many example sentences in entries where they don't belong, so if you come across such an entry, please use the Edit Engine to fix the error.
We also invite you to increase the quality of the existing Swahili examples, as well as to suggest new examples for both languages. The more example sentences we have, the more useful the dictionary will be for everybody. Example sentences are especially helpful if they come from actual text, for example from an article on the web. When you use the Edit Engine to submit an example sentence from a book or website, it helps to include reference information.
Search engines like Google are great tools to find examples of contemporary Swahili. Searching for the term you are interested in will often uncover dozens of web pages. (Sometimes you will need to include a second, more common Swahili word, such as "katika" or "kwenye", that will limit your search to Swahili sites.)
When you find a result that looks promising, visit the link and make sure that you've discovered a sentence that clearly and succinctly conveys a sense of the word you want to exemplify. You may need to visit a few different links before you find an example that you like. For "vitegauchumi," we found a speech by President Mkapa of Tanzania that we thought would be helpful to dictionary users.
Use the Swahili Example and English Example fields of the Edit Engine to input the example. You can copy and paste, or simply highlight and drag, the Swahili text into the Swahili Example field. The English Example field should be your best translation of the Swahili sentence, making sure to use the exact English word that matches the entry. (For example, if an example for "salama" could be glossed as either "peaceful" or "calm," be careful to put the example sentence that you translate as "peaceful" in the line for "peaceful." If one example in Swahili could be glossed in a few different ways for different English entries, make the appropriate changes for each entry.)
Your example will be much more useful to other Kamusi users if you also include a reference that will help them find the sentence in its original context. You could simply put the web address in parentheses after the example, like this: (http://www.tanzania.go.tz/hotuba.htm). If you would like to be a bit more elegant, though, you can use a little basic html to provide an active hyperlink. To get the dictionary to display this:
Benjamin William Mkapa, 1 Mei 2001
Type this into the input box:
|<a href="http://www.tanzania.go.tz/hotuba.htm" target="_blank">Benjamin William Mkapa</a>, 1 Mei 2001|
If you are not fluent in html, that code might seem complicated. The box below shows an example you can use - keep everything that appears in bold, and replace everything in green. "URL" is the complete web address for the link - for our case study above, the URL is http://www.tanzania.go.tz/hotuba.htm
|text before the link <a href="URL for the link" target="_blank">what the link should say</a>, text after the link|
It is important to include the code target="_blank" in order to force the link to open in a new window - without that code, bad things could happen. It is also essential to close the link with </a>, or you will create an endless link and really annoy the Kamusi editor. Fortunately, you can test your link when you click on "Display Changes" in the Edit Engine. If you see your link in red, and if clicking on the link pops open a new window that takes you to the right web page, you've done everything right and you can proceed to submit your hyperlinked example to the Kamusi Project.
Edit Engine data fields and instructions