My Kamusi - Login
username
password
You can Register Here ,   OR

Kiswahili Grammar Notes: Introduction

Introduction

The grammar notes in this volume are intended as a companion volume to the two volumes of language lessons. The language lessons have developed over a period of 14 years of teaching Swahili to Europeans and Americans who have come to serve in Tanzania. For most of these students English is a second language, so they are working at learning a third language through the medium of their second! We have tried to minimize this obstacle by working through the Swahili medium as early and as much as possible without trying to rigidly adhere to a direct method approach. Thus, if after students are introduced to a new term or structure in Swahili, its meaning and use is still not clear to them, then an explanation in English is given to try to clarify the issue.

Since many of these students have their areas of expertise in nonlinguistic fields and the language of grammatical description is a wilderness they have no desire to explore, we have tried to avoid using grammatical terms as much as possible. But some of this terminology is unavoidable; we use it with some diffidence, recognizing that terminology appropriate for Latin is not the ideal vehicle to use in describing a Bantu language. But in deference to shared backgrounds of the learners, we use the framework most likely to be familiar to them, and define the terms used. This may seem tedious to some, but they are welcome to skip over those parts; the book is not intended as a learned thesis, but a practical help for people plunged into a new culture and a new language sometimes the first foreign language they have ever tried to learn.

These grammar notes have not yet had the use and revisions that the language lessons have gone through over the years. They have grown out of a series of grammar reviews that were prepared for the students after they had been exposed to all the structures dealt with in any given review, to help them draw together all the various uses of a grammatical structure that they had encountered in their lessons up to that time. This, then, is a preliminary attempt at drawing all these reviews together in one volume, and adding some material that had not been dealt with in such reviews. We are well aware that revisions will be needed as the notes are used and deficiencies become apparent. With this in mind, we welcome the input of readers and students who use these notes and are willing to give us their suggestions for improvement.

We are grateful to Mr. Simon K.P. Bandio, Head of E.L.C.T. Language & Orientation School, Morogoro and Mr. Nathan Lwehabura, a journalist for Radio Tanzania, for their valuable suggestions and advice during the final stages of the preparation of the material. We also thank colleagues, students and friends who have given help and encouragement, but all the deficiencies are our own responsibility.

Morogoro, Tanzania, in June, 1984.

Helen L. Erickson

Marianne Gustafsson

Kiswahili Grammar Notes is Copyright 1984 and 1989, , used with permission. If you find this text valuable, the authors ask that you consider a small contribution to a charitable purpose.

The design of this page is Copyright 2018, kamusi.org // Kamusi Project International /content/introduction

Kamusi GOLD

These are the languages for which we have datasets that we are actively working toward putting online. Languages that are Active for you to search are marked with "A" in the list below.

Key

•A = Active language, aligned and searchable
•c = Data 🔢 elicited through the Comparative African Word List
•d = Data from independent sources that Kamusi participants align playing 🐥📊 DUCKS
•e = Data from the 🎮 games you can play on 😂🌎🤖 EmojiWorldBot
•P = Pending language, data in queue for alignment
•w = Data from 🔠🕸 WordNet teams

Software and Systems

We are actively creating new software for you to make use of and contribute to the 🎓 knowledge we are bringing together. Learn about software that is ready for you to download or in development, and the unique data systems we are putting in place for advanced language learning and technology:

Articles and Information

Kamusi has many elements. With these articles, you can read the details that interest you:

Videos and Slideshows

Some of what you need to know about Kamusi can best be understood visually. Our 📽 videos are not professional, but we hope you find them useful:

Partners

Our partners - past, present, and future - include:

Hack Kamusi

Here are some of the work elements on our task list that you can help do or fund:

Theory of Kamusi

Select a link below to learn about the principles that guide the project's unique approach to lexicography and public service.

Contact Us

We welcome your comments and questions, and will try to respond quickly. To get in touch, please visit our contact page. You must use a real email address if you want to get a real reply!

kamusigold.org/info/contact

© Copyright ©

The Kamusi Project dictionaries and the Kamusi Project databases are intellectual property protected by international copyright law, ©2007 through ©2018, under the joint ownership of Kamusi Project International and Kamusi Project USA. Further explanation may be found on our © Copyright page.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.

Commentary

Discussion items about language, technology, and society, from the Kamusi editor and others. This box is growing. To help develop or fund the project, please contact us!

Our biggest struggle is keeping Kamusi online and keeping it free. We cannot charge money for our services because that would block access to the very people we most want to benefit, the students and speakers of languages around the world that are almost always excluded from information technology. So, we ask, request, beseech, beg you, to please support our work by donating as generously as you can to help build and maintain this unique public resource.

/info/donate

Frequently Asked Questions

Answers to general questions you might have about Kamusi services.

We are building this page around real questions from members of the Kamusi community. Send us a question that you think will help other visitors to the site, and frequently we will place the answer here.

Try it : Ask a "FAQ"!

Press Coverage

Kamusi in the news: Reports by journalists and bloggers about our work in newspapers, television, radio, and online.

Sponsor Search:
Who Do You Know?



To keep Kamusi growing as a "free" knowledge resource for the world's languages, we need major contributions from philanthropists and organizations. Do you have any connections with a generous person, corporation, foundation, or family office that might wish to make a long term impact on educational outcomes and economic opportunity for speakers of excluded languages around the world? If you can help us reach out to a potential 💛😇 GOLD Angel, please contact us!