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Data fields: Class (Noun and Verb)
A distinguishing characteristic of Bantu languages, including Swahili, is that each has a grammatical noun class system. Each noun is classified into one of eighteen classes that determine the pattern of plurals, adjectives, pronouns, and verb conjugations within each sentence. Learners often find that an indication of class helps them figure out how to use nouns correctly.
Entries also indicate when a verb entry is shown in a form such as passive or causative. ("Class" is the wrong word for verbs, but we use the term here for space reasons.)
Below, we show a full list of the classification options.
List of Noun Classes and Verb Classes -- in process!
Animate nouns (living breathing things) may take the shapes of nouns from classes other than 1/2, but usually have all the agreements of Class 1/2 nouns. In the Kamusi lexicon, we indicate animate nouns with "an" after the number that corresponds to the animate noun class pluralization pattern.
Close associates are people with a particularly close relationship to an individual. In the Kamusi lexicon, we indicate close associates that are not standard 1/2 (m/wa) nouns with "ca" after the number that corresponds to the animate noun class pluralization pattern. Close associates take the shapes of 9/10 (or 5/6 in a few cases) nouns, and have all the agreements of Class 1/2 nouns except the possessive prefix, which is y- for singular and z- for plural.
These are the languages for which we have datasets that we are actively working toward putting online. Languages that are Active for you to search are marked with "A" in the list below.
•A = Active language, aligned and searchable
•c = Data 🔢 elicited through the Comparative African Word List
•d = Data from independent sources that Kamusi participants align playing 🐥📊 DUCKS
•e = Data from the 🎮 games you can play on 😂🌎🤖 EmojiWorldBot
•P = Pending language, data in queue for alignment
•w = Data from 🔠🕸 WordNet teams
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