Dates: Tarehe Gani?
36 DAYS OF THE WEEK.
Their names are based on the Moslem week, beginning after Friday, the holy day:
|Jumamosi||the first day||Saturday|
|Jumapili||the second day||Sunday|
|Jumatatu||the third day||Monday|
|Jumanne||the fourth day||Tuesday|
|Jumatano||the fifth day||Wednesday|
|Alhamisi||the fifth day||Thursday|
|Ijumaa||the day of assembly||Friday|
Note these points:
Jumamosi: mosi is an old form of the number one, rarely heard except in Jumamosi and telling dates (paragraph 38, below).
Alhamisi: the fifth day, which makes two fifth days. This name comes from an old reckoning that takes Sunday as the first day, thus Thursday is the fifth. Hamsa is an Arabic loan word for five.
Ijumaa: the day of assembly, or Lord's day; the Islamic holy day. Sometimes Christians will refer to Sunday as Siku ya Bwana, the Lord's Day.
MONTHS OF THE YEAR
It is more common to mention the months of the year with the ordinal numbers than with their English names:
|Mwezi wa kwanza||Januari|
|Mwezi wa pili||Februari|
|Mwezi wa tatu||Machi|
|Mwezi wa nne||Aprili|
|Mwezi wa tano||Mei|
|Mwezi wa sita||Juni|
|Mwezi wa saba||Julai|
|Mwezi wa nane||Agosti|
|Mwezi wa tisa||Septemba|
|Mwezi wa kumi||Oktoba|
|Mwezi wa kumi na moja||Novemba|
|Mwezi wa kumi na mbili||Desemba|
38 CALENDAR DATES
When telling dates, the word tarehe, date, is always included:
Tarehe gani? What date is it?
The answer is: Tarehe kumi na mbili mwezi wa pili. February 12th.
Note that the ordinal numbers are not used:
August first: tarehe moja mwezi wa nane or tarehe mosi mwezi wa nane
2nd of February: tarehe mbili mwezi wa pili
TELLING THE YEAR
There is no short way of telling the year:
1984 is Mwaka elfu moja mia tisa themanini na nne
or also Mwaka elfu moja tisa mia themanini na nne
It is sometimes possible (when the century is not in doubt) simply to say: mwaka themanini na nne